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AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURAL AND SPIRITUAL RESET with DR. ADETOKUNBO BORISHADE Ph.D.

The history of Africa before the arrival of European colonizers and the transatlantic slave trade is often referred to as “pre-colonial” or “pre-slavery” African history. While this history has not been entirely hidden, it has sometimes been overlooked or marginalized in mainstream historical narratives. It is crucial to acknowledge and celebrate the rich and complex history of Africa before these traumatic events, as it encompasses diverse civilizations, cultures, and achievements. Here are some key aspects of pre-African history:

  1. Ancient Civilizations:
    • Africa is home to some of the world’s oldest known civilizations. Notable among them are ancient Egypt, Nubia, and the Kingdom of Kush in the Nile Valley. These civilizations left behind monumental architecture, intricate art, and advanced systems of governance.
  2. Kingdoms and Empires:
    • Africa had a plethora of powerful kingdoms and empires, such as the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire in West Africa. These states controlled vast territories and participated in trans-Saharan trade, which brought wealth and cultural exchange to the region.
    • In East Africa, the Kingdom of Aksum (Axum) in modern-day Ethiopia was an influential trading civilization with connections to the Mediterranean and India.
  3. Great Zimbabwe:
    • The city of Great Zimbabwe, located in present-day Zimbabwe, was the center of a sophisticated civilization that thrived between the 11th and 15th centuries. It is known for its impressive stone architecture and trading networks.
  4. Trade Routes:
    • Africa was a crucial part of trade routes that connected it with other parts of the world. The trans-Saharan trade routes facilitated the exchange of goods, including gold, salt, ivory, and textiles.
    • The Swahili Coast in East Africa was a hub of maritime trade, with cities like Kilwa, Mombasa, and Zanzibar serving as major trading centers.
  5. Art and Culture:
    • African societies developed rich artistic traditions, including sculpture, pottery, textiles, and metalwork. The diversity of artistic expression across the continent is a testament to the creativity and cultural diversity of pre-African societies.
  6. Complex Societies:
    • Pre-colonial Africa was characterized by diverse social structures and political systems, ranging from centralized monarchies to decentralized clan-based societies. Each had its unique customs and governance systems.
  7. Agriculture and Technology:
    • Many African societies were highly skilled in agriculture, practicing techniques such as terracing and irrigation. They also developed advanced metallurgy and ironworking technologies.
  8. Spirituality and Religion:
    • Traditional African religions were widespread and diverse, often centered around animism and ancestor worship. These belief systems played a significant role in shaping cultural practices and rituals.
  9. Scholarship and Education:
    • Africa had centers of learning and scholarship, such as Timbuktu in Mali, which housed extensive libraries and contributed to the intellectual life of the region.

It’s essential to acknowledge that Africa’s history is not a monolithic story but a tapestry of diverse and interconnected civilizations. This history is being increasingly recognized and studied by scholars and educators, helping to dispel myths and misconceptions about Africa’s past and highlighting its contributions to global history and culture.

About The Author

LANCESCURV IS A MASTER STORYTELLER | SOCIAL MEDIA PROVOCATEUR | ILLUSTRATOR/CARTOONIST | PODCASTER | CULTURE CRITIC | DIGITAL NOMAD | BLOGGER | EXTROVERTED RECLUSE | FOCUSING ON THE INTRICACIES OF HUMAN NATURE, TRENDING NEWS & THOUGHT-PROVOKING TOPICS OF INTEREST. CONTACT: [email protected]

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